Florida Crickets | A Close Look at the Natural Habits and Behaviors

Florida Crickets

The Florida cricket is interesting bugs live in grass and shrubs all over Florida and the Southeastern U.S. But now Florida crickets have a hard time because people are taking away their homes by draining wetlands or building on them. But they have a lot of babies quickly, so their groups can keep going. As a bug scientist, I want to understand the complicated connections in nature, like how these bugs help plants around them. Even though they might seem small, every type of cricket bug is important for keeping the balance of life. 

We can figure out how to have healthy and happy environments, both inside and outside with the knowledge of different cricket bugs in places like Florida.

Who is The Florida Cricket Insect?

Florida is home to different types of crickets that live in various parts of the state. These bugs are known for their special sound, and you can often see them hopping around in the grass or hiding in the bushes.

Florida Crickets
Florida Cricket

They are more active at night and like warm weather, especially in their coastal homes. At night, they make chirping sounds to find mates for making babies. Both male and female crickets eat plants and small animals. They are decomposers, which means they break down old stuff and put nutrients back into the soil. This helps plants grow and keeps ecosystems strong.


  • Crickets in Florida: Different kinds of crickets live all over Florida.
  • Special Sound: These bugs are known for making a unique sound, especially at night.
  • Where They Live: They like warm places along the coast, hopping in the grass or hiding in bushes.
  • Nighttime Songs: At night, they make noise to find friends and have babies.
  • Eating Habits: Boy and girl crickets eat plants and small animals.
  • Helping Nature: Crickets are like nature’s cleaners; they break down old stuff and help plants grow.
  • Nature Helpers: By doing this, crickets keep nature strong and healthy

What Are The Types Of Crickets In Florida?

Florida is home to a variety of cricket species. These kinds vary in size, shape, and color, and have different habitat needs. House crickets prefer to live in dark, humid places, while field crickets prefer to live in open fields. Mole crickets prefer to live in moist, sandy soil. Here’s more detailed information on some common types:

1. Florida House Crickets:

Florida house crickets, also known as tropical house crickets (Gryllodes sigillatus), are commonly found outdoors in or near paved areas in Florida. They are midnight insects that come out at night to feed and sing. When they move into buildings, their songs tell their presence.

Here is some information about Florida house crickets:


  • Tropical house crickets are a less hardy match to other indoor crickets
  • Males have wings to make their song, while females are usually wingless.
  • They have very long antennae, which can be up to three times their body length
Florida Crickets
House Cricket


  • Florida house crickets are omnivores, feeding on both vegetable and animal matter
  • They rarely become pests but can be a noisy problem

2. Florida field crickets:

Florida field crickets are a common species of cricket found in Florida. They are ground-dig insects that are about 3/4-inch long and black in color. So that they are also known as black cricket Florida. These crickets are most active during the summer months and are primarily nocturnal, moving around and “singing” at night. Here is some more information about Florida field crickets:

Florida Crickets
Field Cricket

Preferred Habitat:

  • Florida field crickets prefer grassy areas, meadows, and fields as their habitats.
  • They are drawn to areas with high humidity levels, such as marshes and wetlands, where they can breed.


  • Florida field crickets are nocturnal creatures, meaning they are most active during the night.
  • Male field crickets create loud chirping sounds to attract mates.
  • They are primarily herbivorous, feeding on plant matter.

3. Florida Camel Cricket:

Apart from the greenhouse camel cricket I talked about before, there are different kinds of camel crickets in the United States. These crickets look humpbacked and have long legs at the back. You can usually find them in dark and wet places like basements, crawl spaces, and caves.

  • Habitat: Dark and damp places such as basements, caves, or under debris.
  • Behavior: Nocturnal and less likely to chirp; rely on touch and smell for communication.
  • Diet: Scavengers, feeding on decaying organic matter.
Florida Crickets
Camel Cricket

4. Florida Tree Cricket:

Tree crickets are another group of cricket-like insects found in the United States. As the name suggests, they are often found in trees and shrubs. Tree crickets have long, slender bodies and are known for their high-pitched and melodious songs. They are commonly heard during the summer months.

Florida Crickets
Tree Cricket
  • Identification: Greenish color with wings longer than the body.
  • Habitat: Vegetation, including trees and shrubs.
  • Behavior: Nocturnal, and males produce high-pitched continuous trills to attract females.
  • Diet: Primarily herbivorous, feeding on leaves and plant matter.

5. Florida Mole Cricket:

Mole crickets are another group of cricket-like insects found in the United States. They have powerful front legs adapted for digging, which they use to create tunnels in the soil. Mole crickets are known for their distinctive chirping sounds and are found in southern states, particularly in areas with sandy soil

  • Identification: Front legs adapted for digging, giving them a mole-like appearance.
  • Habitat: Burrowers are found in lawns, gardens, or agricultural fields.
  • Behavior: Nocturnal and known for damaging turf by feeding on roots.
  • Diet: Omnivorous, feeding on plant roots, insects, and other small animals.
Florida Crickets
Mole Cricket

What are some other common cricket species found in Florida?

1. Katydid: 

Katydid insects are closely related to crickets and are known for their leaf-like appearance. They have long antennae and large hind legs for jumping. Katydid species can be found throughout the United States and are often heard during the summer months, producing loud and distinctive calls.

2. Ground Crickets:

Ground crickets are a diverse group of cricket-like insects found in various habitats across the United States. They are typically brown or black in color and have adapted to living on the ground. Ground crickets are known for their chirping sounds, which are often heard in grassy areas and meadows 

3. Florida Swordbearer Cricket (Laupala floridensis):

This species of cricket is endemic to Florida. They are small in size, measuring around 0.2 inches in length. Florida Swordbearer Crickets have a unique appearance with long, sword-like ovipositors in females. They are typically found in grassy areas and are known for their distinctive chirping sounds.

4. Florida Scaly Cricket (Ornebius aperta):

The Florida scaly cricket is a little kind of cricket that lives in sandy places in Florida, like coastal dunes and scrub areas. They look different because their body is covered with scales.

This species of cricket is native to Florida. They are small in size, measuring around 0.2 to 0.3 inches in length. Florida Scaly Crickets are wingless and have a scaly appearance. They are typically found in leaf litter and other moist habitats.

5. Allard’s Ground Cricket (Allonemobius allardi): 

Allard’s ground cricket is a little cricket often seen in Florida. You can find them in grassy places like lawns, fields, and meadows. They make a high-pitched chirping sound.

6. Southern Wood Cricket (Gryllus Fulton): 

The southern wood cricket likes to be in places with lots of trees and at the edges of forests. They are recognized by the special sound they make when chirping and can often be seen in Florida and other southeastern states.

What do Florida crickets eat?

Florida crickets, like other crickets, are omnivorous insects (who eat both plants and animals) that feed on a variety of plant matter, decaying organic material, and occasionally small insects. Here is a breakdown of what Florida crickets eat:

Florida Crickets
Cricket Food
  • Decaying organic material: Crickets are like clean-up helpers. They eat things that are rotting, like dead leaves, fruits that fell, and plants that are breaking down. This is important because they help in making things decompose.
  • Small insects: Even though crickets mostly eat plants, sometimes they might eat small insects if they find them. This could be other bugs, spiders, and even other crickets in certain situations.

It’s good to know that crickets are not seen as pests like mole crickets. Mole crickets can harm grass and plants, but they are a different kind of insect with different habits and likes.

Lifecycle of crickets in Florida:

Crickets in Florida go through three main stages: eggs, nymphs, and adults. Here is a detailed breakdown of the cricket lifecycle in Florida:

Egg Stage:

  • Female crickets deposit their eggs in the soil, usually in protected areas to avoid predators.
  • The eggs are generally laid in groups and can number anywhere from 25 to 60 eggs.
  • The duration of the egg stage is around 10 to 40 days.

Nymph Stage:

  • After the eggs hatch, the nymphs emerge from the soil and begin their development.
  • Nymphs are the immature stage of crickets and go through a series of molts as they grow.
  • They feed and develop throughout the summer, tunneling through the soil in search of food.
  • The nymphs shed their exoskeletons in a process called molting to accommodate their increasing size.
Lifecycle Of Crickets
Lifecycle Of Crickets

Adult Stage:

  • By late fall or winter, the nymphs mature into adult crickets.
  • Adult crickets have a similar behavior to nymphs but are more robust and capable of flight.
  • They mate and continue the lifecycle, with females laying more eggs once the soil temperature is suitable.
  • In southern Florida, there can be two generations of crickets, resulting in spring, summer, and autumn flights.


  • During the winter months, crickets in Florida overwinter deep in the soil.
  • They may come to the surface to feed during warm periods.
  • Overwintering ensures the survival of crickets during colder months, allowing them to continue their lifecycle once temperatures become more favorable in spring 

Seasonal Activity of Crickets:

Crickets show different activity levels depending on the season during different times of the year in Florida. It depends on the kind of crickets in that area. 

  • Breeding Season: Crickets usually become more active and make more noise during a specific time called the breeding season. In Florida, this season might happen in the warmer months, from spring to early fall.
Florida Crickets
Activity Of Crickets
  • Temperature and Weather: Crickets are ectothermic, which means their body temperature depends on the outside environment. They move around more and make more noise when it’s warmer because their body functions work better in higher temperatures. So, in Florida, crickets might be busier during the warmer months.
  • Moisture and Rainfall: Crickets like wet places and become busier after it rains. In Florida, where it’s usually humid, you might notice crickets more when it’s wet, like after rain or during the rainy season.
  • Habitat Preferences: Crickets have their favorite places to live, depending on the type of cricket. Some like grassy places, while others live in woods or wetlands. Knowing where these crickets prefer to be in Florida can help us understand when they are most active during different times of the year.

Are there any specific habitats in Florida where crickets are more active?

Crickets are commonly found in grassy, warm, and humid areas, such as meadows, fields, and lawns. They are also often found in wooded areas and on the edges of ponds and streams. In the southeastern part of Florida, where humid and tropical climates exist, crickets tend to be most active. Here are some habitats where crickets are more active in Florida:

  1. Outdoor Areas: Crickets are commonly found in areas where there is plenty of vegetation, such as gardens, lawns, and fields. They are attracted to moist, shady locations and are often found near water sources. Crickets are also often found near outdoor streetlights.
  2. Turfgrass and Lawns: Crickets are common turfgrass pests throughout Florida. They tunnel through the soil, severing grass roots and causing damage to lawns. They are particularly attracted to bahiagrass and bermudagrass.
  3. Golf Courses: Crickets are also a significant problem on golf courses in Florida. The extensive turfgrass areas provide an ideal habitat for these pests, and they can cause damage to the greens and fairways.
  4. Pastures and Forage Crops: Crickets can also be active in pastures and forage crops. They feed on the roots and shoots of plants, leading to brown patches of dying or dead grass. This can be a problem for livestock grazing areas.

It’s important to note that different species of crickets may have specific habitat preferences. While the information above focuses on mole crickets, other cricket species may have different habitat requirements.

Florida Crickets Invasion:

As a leading botanist and gardener, I have some experience with Florida’s cricket invasions and their impacts on native plants.

The southern field cricket (Gryllus pennsylvanicus) is a kind of cricket that has rapidly increased in numbers in central and southern Florida. They eat a lot of different types of grass, weeds, and some plants with flowers. When there are a lot of them, they can quickly remove leaves from large areas.

Florida Crickets
Crickets Invasion

This causes issues for the variety of plants that naturally grow in an area and for gardening activities. Plants that crickets eat a lot might have a hard time making new plants if they lose all their leaves before making seeds. This can also happen in gardens at people’s homes or in the community, where plants can lose all their leaves.

Impact of crickets on gardens:

Crickets can have both positive and negative impacts on gardens. Here are some potential effects of crickets on gardens:

  1. Pest Control: Crickets eat many things and can also consume other harmful bugs in gardens, like aphids, caterpillars, and small insects. In this way, they can act as natural predators and help control pest populations in the garden.
  2. Plant Damage: However, crickets can also cause damage to garden plants, especially when their populations are high. They may feed on leaves, stems, flowers, and fruits of various plants, leading to aesthetic damage and potential yield reduction.
  3. Seedling Damage: Crickets may also target young seedlings and tender plants, causing significant harm. They can chew on the stems or leaves, hindering the growth and development of the plants.
  4. Tunneling and Root Damage: Some species of crickets, such as mole crickets, are known for their tunneling behavior. They can burrow into the soil and create tunnels, which can disrupt the root systems of plants and affect their overall health.
  5. Noise: While not directly impacting the garden itself, the loud chirping sounds produced by male crickets can be bothersome to gardeners and nearby residents, especially during the mating season.

How To Get Rid Of Florida Crickets:

There are ways we can naturally control the cricket increase. Flies and wasps that live off crickets will come around and slowly control their numbers. Also, helpful insects like wolf spiders, which eat crickets, can increase in number with the right.

Florida Crickets
Cricket Control

Growing different types of local plants is also a good idea. A mix of plants that crickets don’t like so much can act as safe places. Some flowering plants, such as goldenrods and asters, bloom later and give crickets something else to eat after other plants have made seeds.

As a gardener, I concentrate on growing strong and varied ecosystems. It’s important to work with the natural balance. Dealing with cricket outbreaks is hard, but using ecological principles helps affected areas recover in a way that lasts.


  1. Invite Bug Friends: Make a home for helpful insects like flies, wasps, and wolf spiders to eat the crickets.
  1. Plant Different Stuff: Grow lots of different local plants, especially ones that crickets don’t like.
  1. Late Flowers Are Good: Put in flowers like goldenrods and asters that bloom late. They give crickets something else to eat after other plants have made seeds.
  1. Take Care of Nature: Make your garden a happy home for many kinds of plants and bugs.
  1. Follow Nature Rules: Do things in a way that keeps everything in your garden happy and healthy for a long time.


Many times, we only see some creatures from a human-centered perspective. If they bother us, we call them pests, or we don’t notice their importance if they are not near us. However, in lively and varied places like Florida, where there are many different habitats – whether they’re natural areas or farms – every species plays a crucial part. Everything, from tiny microbes to big oak trees, is connected in a complicated circle of life.

Crickets and mole crickets demonstrate the complex connections between the soil, plants, and animals both below and above the ground. Their behaviors make the soil better, help recycle nutrients, and provide food for various predators in the area. Looking at ecosystems this way helps us understand how everything depends on each other, rather than just thinking about things in simple terms of good or bad.

When we study bugs and their homes, we learn about keeping things in balance. This helps us see the value of nature working together. My goal in studying all this is to take care of the environment using science. Nature’s secrets keep surprising us and showing smart solutions every day.